Appendicitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Appendicitis occurs in the body in an inner organ called the appendix. The appendix is a thin and small tube with a length of about 2 to 3 inches. In the large intestine where the stool is made, It is attached to the intestine. A painful swelling in the appendix is known as appendicitis. Beginning of appendicitis, pain in the middle of the stomach is repeatedly.appendicitis

In just a few hours the pain starts to the lower right side of the stomach, where the appendix is located and pain becomes severe. Its pain becomes more serious by walking, coughing or suppressing this place. If you have appendicitis, there are symptoms such as dizziness, loss of appetite, fever and red face.

Complications and Risk of Appendix


An abnormal situation occurs in appendicitis when the infected and swollen appendix bursts. If this occurs, the accumulated stool of the appendix contaminates the abdominal cavity, due to which peritonitis.

  • Peritonitis

When the appendix has burst spread infection can spread to the rest of the bacteria body out of it. When the infection is spread in the peritoneum, the condition of peritonitis is generated. The peritoneum is a thin membrane of the tissue that covers the inside of the stomach. If peritonitis is not treated immediately, it can cause problems and may even be fatal for a long time. Treatment of peritonitis involves the use of antibiotics and removal of appendicitis through surgery.

  • Abscess –

these are often formed after the onset of the appendix, which is filled with a painful pus (P). The abscess occurs when the body is trying to fight the infection. It also happens due to surgery to remove the appendix from the body. But only one out of 500 cases is found.

Boils are often treated through antibiotics, but in most cases, the pus is to be removed from within boils.

With the help of guidance of ultrasound and computerized tomography, the use of anesthetic, needle, and needle is to remove the pus. And if any abscess is seen during surgery, it is cleaned properly and antibiotic is given.

Risk factors for appendicitis:

The following are risk factors for appendicitis. There are also some of these factors which can not be prevented –

  • Age –

Children and young adults are more likely to have appendicitis. The most risk factors are for those who are between the ages of 10 to 30 years, and there is no clear information available for this reason.

  • Infections in the appendix

If there is a wound due to the appendix due to some reason (such as an accident in the inside of the body due to an accident) the risk of appendicitis also increases as there is an infection in the appendix.

  • Deficiency in fiber-rich diet

Fiber reduction in food leads to many digestive disorders, which promote the risk of appendicitis. Due to lack of fiber, especially in the body constipation occurs, due to which some stools go into the appendix that causes appendicitis.

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Type of Appendicitisappendicitis

There are two types of appendicitis – acute – acute and chronic (chronic – permanent). Acute appendicitis develops very quickly, which takes some hours to days. Chronic appendicitis is swollen, which persists for a long time.

The appendix does not do any significant work in the human body, and removing it does not even have any long-term problem.

1-Acute appendicitis –

acute appendicitis – acute appendicitis is like its name which develops very fast, usually, it develops in a few hours or days. It is easy to detect, and surgery is needed for its immediate treatment. This occurs when there is a complete blockage due to bacterial infections, feces or any other type of obstruction in the appendix. When bacteria begin to grow rapidly in the appendix, it starts to form swelling and pus (Pus), which can also become the cause of the appendix’s lifelessness.

2. Chronic appendicitis –

swelling in it for a long time. In case of appendicitis, it has been recorded up to 1.5 percent only. With chronic appendicitis, the appendix starts interrupting slightly, which causes swelling in the surrounding tissues. Swelling becomes more severe due to internal pressure. However, rather than the tearing of the appendix, obstruction opens up with pressure over time.

Difference Between Acute and Chronic appendicitis

Chronic and acute appendicitis are confused many times because in many cases, chronic appendicitis cannot be diagnosed until it has the appearance of acute appendicitis.

The symptoms of chronic appendicitis are mildly low, which last for long periods of time, and sometimes they disappear, and once again they begin to appear again.

Many times it takes many weeks, months and even years to diagnose it. While the symptoms of acute appendicitis are quite serious, which begin to appear suddenly within 24 to 48 hours. Acute appendicitis needs immediate treatment.

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Appendicitis Causesappendicitis

It is believed that appendicitis begins to develop only when the path of the appendix that opens in the cecum closes. This obstruction may be due to the formation of a fat mucus fluid inside the appendix or due to the stool which goes inside the appendix from the seams. These liquids or stools become stiff and strong like stones, which trap and close the pores. This stony thing is called ‘fecalith’.

When the attack of bacteria increases, the body reacts to it, and this attack takes the form of swelling.

After the appendix burst, infection by the bacteria can spread throughout the stomach.

Symptoms of Appendixappendicitis

Its early signs and symptoms often look quite light, including abdominal pain and loss of appetite. And then as gradually increases appendicitis, pain becomes a major symptom.

Asking the patient is difficult to tell the exact location of the pain. Most people try to tell the pain about rotating the finger around the stomach on the stomach. With time, the pain can be stable in the lower part of the stomach, and the patient may be able to identify the exact location of the pain.

It can become more complicated and even vomit. Swelling can reach the intestines, and cause obstruction in them. Nausea and vomiting may also occur in such a situation.

Other symptoms of appendicitis:

  1. The slight pains in the navel or upper part of the abdomen, which gets faster while moving towards the lower right side of the stomach
  2. Not feeling hungry.
  3. Nausea and vomiting after the stomach ache begins
  4. Stomach swelling
  5. 99-102 degrees Fahrenheit Fever.
  6. Light or sharp pain anywhere on the upper or lower abdominal stomach, back, or rectum.
  7. Problems in urinating
  8. Severe convulsions in the stomach
  9. The problem of constipation or diarrhea with gas.
  10. Appendicitis also affects urine.

Prevention of Appendixappendicitis

There is no other way than regular health preventive checks to prevent appendix.

However, the high levels of fiber-rich foods decrease the likelihood of having problems like Appendix.

Appendix Test

Although some research has shown that treating acute appendicitis with antibiotics eliminates the need for surgery in some cases.

Normally, if there is a chance of appendicitis, then the doctors recommend removing the appendix soon for the patient’s safety so that it can eliminate the possibility of its rupture. If there is a boil in the appendix, then there are two ways to get rid of it – one can remove pus or fluid from the boil and remove the second appendix from the body.

Operation of Appendix

Prior to surgery, antibiotics are given to the patient. There are two options to do the operation of the appendix. First, it can be done as an open surgery, in which there is an incision in the abdomen. Which lasts from 2 to 4 inches.

The second option is laparoscopic surgery. This surgery is done by putting some small incisions in the stomach During laparoscopic surgery, many special surgical instruments are needed, including a small video camera. Normally the patient gets well after laparoscopic surgery.

At the same time pain will be less and the marks also become less. It is better for older and obese people. But laparoscopic surgery is not suitable for everyone, because the appendix is torn. Due to which the infection has spread out of the appendix or absent in the appendix, it requires opiate surgery.

This allows doctors to clean the stomach cavity well. After appendectomy surgery, patients have to stay in the hospital for one or two days.


Some appropriate foods have been described below for eating appendicitis patients daily:

  • After rising in the morning, squeeze a fresh lemon into light lukewarm water and consume one teaspoon of honey.
  • Include fruits and milk in the morning breakfast, full milk diet is better for appendicitis. But it is important to keep in mind that the contents of full milk can take the patient without problems.
  • Lunch with boiled curry, lassi, and corn flour tortilla can also be included
  • In the afternoon fresh fruit and vegetable juice can also be taken.
  • In the dinner, fresh vegetable salad, sprouted seeds and paneer made at home can also be included.
  • Carrot juice, cucumber, and beetroot are quite helpful for patients with appendicitis.
  • Tea prepared from fenugreek seed, also makes the patient a very pleasant experience.

Diet after operation

  • When the patient begins to recover after surgery, he needs constant nutrients to constantly fight infection and increase the recovery process.
  • During this period, a diet rich in protein, vitamin C, and fiber should be eaten regularly. Where eggs are good sources of proteins and zinc, chilies get adequate vitamin c. And fiber, we get plenty of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and seeds.

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