What is Gastritis or Swelling the in stomach
Swelling in the stomach is also called ‘gastritis’. It is a group of problems in which one thing is the same and it is the inflammation of the stomach. Swelling in the stomach is usually the result of a bacterial infection which causes ulcers in the stomach. Drinking too much alcohol, regular use of some painkillers and injury, contribute to the production of swelling in the stomach.
Swelling of abdomen suddenly or gradually (chronic gastritis) may develop along with time. In some cases, due to gastritis, there are ulcers in the stomach, which increase the risk of colon cancer. However, in most people, gastritis is not more serious and it improves quickly with treatment.
Symptoms of Gastritis
Sometimes there is no symptom of gastritis. In some peoples symptoms of gastritis are shown, discomfort and pain are the most common symptoms in the upper part of the stomach.
- The pain usually occurs in the middle part of the upper part of the stomach.
- Occasionally there is a pain in the upper stomach and upper left side of gastritis, during which the pain appears to grow on the right side.
- People with gastritis use words such as burning sensation, pain and biting pain, to explain their pain. Often it may seem to be a vague pain, but it may feel pain like pain, biting, or severe pain.
Other symptoms of gastritis
- Dakar and Belching – Usually, Dakar does not either relax or gives rest for sometime.
- Nausea and vomiting – It might be vomiting, nausea, such as green or yellow vomit or clean water, it depends on the severity of inflammation of the stomach.
- Feeling of fullness and with it the feeling of pain in the upper part of the stomach.
- Fainting or difficulty breathing
- Chest pain or severe abdominal pain
- High blood volume in vomiting
- Stomach bleeding, dark black, sticky and stinking stool
Some or all of these symptoms can occur suddenly and this is particularly important for people 65 years of age.
It’s time to go to Doctor
In the stomach irritation and sour belching is almost everyone else. In most cases, sour belching can only survive for some time, which does not require medical treatment. If you are seeing symptoms of gastritis continuously for a week or more, then you should show it to the doctor. Feeling restless in your stomach when taking aspirin and other painkillers, definitely tell the doctor about it.
Vomiting has blood, stools, or dark black feces, then go to the doctor immediately.
Prevention of Gastritis
- If alcohol consumption, NSAIDs, or smoking is the cause of a person’s gastritis, then the intake of these products is prevented in its prevention and treatment.
- Avoid situations where the condition of exposure to chemical, radiation or some toxic substances occurs.
- It is not clear how the H. pylori virus spreads, but on the basis of some evidence, it spreads from one person to another or through contaminated food and water. By taking a few steps, you can be protected from an infection. pylori. As often washing hands with soap and water and consuming fully cooked foods.
Treatment of inflammation in the stomach depends on its condition and causes. For those who have had gastritis due to NSAIDs and other medicines, giving up those medicines reduces the symptoms of gastritis.
In addition to antibiotics, many other types of medicines are also used to treat gastritis. Before starting the treatment of any medication or before starting treatment for gastritics yourself, the doctor must consult.
Drugs that promote acid production and medicines
Under which, proton pump reduces acid by blocking the action of parts of the cells that produce inhibitor acid. These medicines are available on the suggestion of over-the-counter and doctor, including omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, dexlansoprazole, and pantoprazole. Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors, especially if taking too much (more) doses, can increase the risk of hip, wrist and a spinal fracture. Ask your doctor if calcium supplements can reduce their risk.
Antibiotics that kill H. pylori virus
If H. pylori are in the digestive tract, then the doctor may suggest the combination of antibiotics, such as clarithromycin (BIXin) and amoxicillin or metronidazole (flagella), to kill bacteria. Make sure that you are taking antibiotics completely according to the doctor, usually, doctors suggest taking medicines for 10 to 14 days.
Antacid which neutralizes acid in the stomach
The doctor can also add an antacid to patient medicines. Antacid neutralizes acids present in the stomach and can provide pain relief faster. Depending on the main elements in medicines, side effects may include constipation or diarrhea.
Acid-forming drugs –
Acid blocker – also called histamine (H-2) blockers – reduces the amount of acid released into the digestive system, and relieves the pain of gastritis, along with He also helps in treatment. These medicines are also available on the doctor’s suggestion and over-the-counter; Acid blockers include ranitidine, famotidine, cimetidine.
Gastritis Causes & Risk Factors
Due to the weakening of the stomach layer, digestion juice is allowed to increase swelling and damage, which causes gastritis. The weak and thin layer of the stomach increases the risk of ‘arthritis’. Gastrointestinal Bacterial Infection also causes gastritis.
The most common bacterial infection is caused by Helicobacter pylori virus. It is a bacterium that infects the stomach layer.
This infection can usually spread from person to person, apart from this, the virus can spread through contaminated water and food.
Risk factors for gastritis
There may be severe stress due to any major or major surgery, injury, burning or severe infection, which can cause acute gastritis.
Body Attacking Cells in Stomach
This is also called immune gastritis. When your body attacks cells that make the stomach layer, then gastritis develops. This creates responses in your immune system, which irritates the stomach protective barrier. This disease is quite common among those with autoimmune gastritis Hashimoto’s disease and other autoimmune disorders, including Type 1 diabetes. Autoimmune gastritis can also be associated with vitamin B12 deficiency
Other diseases and conditions
Gastritis is also associated with other medical conditions, including HIV / AIDS, Crohn’s disease, and parasitic infections etc.
What should Avoid
Excessive intake of alcohol
Alcohol can hurt your stomach layers, which further increases the chances of damage by digestive juices in the stomach. Consuming excessive alcohol increases the chances of acute gastritis
Some types of medicines
Daily intake of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers (Ibuprofen and Aspirin) also increases the risk of gastritis. Normal painkiller drugs increase both chances of acute and chronic gastritis. Regular consumption of these painkillers or excessive dose can reduce the body’s particular type of substance, which helps to protect the protective layer of your stomach.
Do you Know-Diarrhea: Causes, Sym, toms, and Treatment
Increases the risk of gastritis in older adults because the stomach layer becomes thinner with age. At the same time, older people are more likely to have immune system disorders and infection of Helicobacter pylori than younger people.
Tobacco / Smoking
Diagnosis of Gastritis
However, after the information of the previous medical condition and other tests, the doctor can show the possibility of gastritis suspicion. But to find the exact cause, you may have to do some other tests, Like:-
X-ray of the digestive system
Sometimes called a barium swallow or upper gastrointestinal series. In this series of X-rays, photos are taken to see abnormalities esophagus, stomach and small intestines. To see the ulcer well, the patient is fed a white metal liquid containing barium. Which creates a layer on the digestive system.
During endoscopy, the doctor transports a thin tube through the throat into the stomach, esophagus, or small intestine, at which a lens is inserted. With the help of an endoscope, doctors try to see signs of inflammation. If a suspected area is found, then the doctor removes the small tissue sample for biological examination with the help of biopsy. With the help of biopsy, H. pylori virus can also be examined in the stomach.
Test for H. pylori
To find out the presence of H. pylori bacteria, doctors can recommend some tests. Depending on the patient’s condition, the type of test is determined. Blood tests, sewage tests, and respiratory tests can be done to detect H. pylori virus.
Do you Know- Appendicitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
What to eat during Gastritis
There are some foods that can help to manage gastritis and reduce symptoms. These include:
- Foods containing high fiber such as apples, porridge, broccoli, carrots, and beans,
- Low-fat foods such as chicken, fish, and turkey
- Low acidity or more alkaline foods such as vegetables
- Beverages that are not carbonated
- Probiotics like curd
According to some studies, probiotics are very helpful in the transition of H. pylori. H. Pylori is a bacteria that causes an infection in the digestive tract and develops ulcers and gastritis in the stomach.
Inspired by Myupchar